How to become a pilot

It does not matter if you want to fly just for fun or become a professional pilot – to reach your goal, you will undergo a series of theoretical and practical training, receive subsequent degrees of permission and licenses. UnitedSky will be happy to accompany you on your journey.   


For both airplane and helicopter pilots, the first stage of flight training is the PPL (A) – Private Pilot License (Airplane). A 2nd class medical examination is required for the license, which must be passed before the first flight the latest. The theoretical training consists of lectures such as aviation law, principles of flight, navigation, meteorology, communication, general knowledge about the construction of the aircraft. After 100 hours of the course, you take an internal exam at our Academy, which allows you to start the practical part of the training. This stage is a minimum of 45 hours of flights: 35 with an instructor and 10 solo. The whole thing usually takes 6-8 weeks (in the season). After acquiring the appropriate skills, you will be waiting for a state exam at the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). If you are not a native speaker, you can (you do not need to) pass the ICAO English exam. It is simple and consists of three parts: listening comprehension, an interview with the examiner and a description of the pictures.

The PPL (A) license entitles you to independent VFR (Visual Flight Rules) flights – in good conditions with very good visibility. You are also authorized to pilot SEP (L) – Single Engine Piston (Land) aircraft. Polish sky is at your disposal, and if you have an entry in the license about a passed English exam – also foreign ones. You can fly for tourist purposes, taking your family or friends, using all airports. However, you are not allowed to fly for commercial purposes.


A Night VFR license requires 5 hours of theoretical training and 5 hours of flights. It seems to be unnecessary if you only plan to fly during the day only. However, it may turn out to be necessary when your flight back is delayed and it will get dark. After completion of the course, you will receive an entry in the license that entitles you to fly at night.  


Thanks to the IR (A) – Instrument Rating (Airplane) privileges, you do not have to wait for perfect weather to fly, you can also fly in poor meteorological conditions. This training, just like PPL (A), consists of a theoretical and practical part – all the topics discussed previously will be expanded. The practical part consists of 50 hours of training flights, 35 of which in a certified simulator and 15 hours at the controls of a single-engine aircraft with an IFR instrument set – Instrument Fly Rules. In the case of multi-engine planes, you will spend 5 hours more in the simulator. During the training you will improve your skills of reading and interpreting instrument indications and the use of devices in navigation by ground stations and the GPS system. Finally, there will be an exam. If f you are doing the entire professional training package it is CPL (A), IR (A) and MEP (L) combined exam. 


The MEP(L) – Multi-Engined Piston (Land) theoretical training takes 7 hours plus the next 6 hours at the controls. This training is also to be completed with the exam at the Civil Aviation Authority.  


If you aim at flying for profit, you need a CPL (A) – Commercial Pilot License (Airplane). To apply for a it, you must have 200 hours of flight time, including 100 hours as a PIC – Pilot in Command. At this stage, first-class medical examinations will be required. You will need 108 hours of stationary learning and 551 hours with a use of the e-learning system. The subject matter is similar to the previous stages, but the scope of the knowledge is far more extensive. 

The practice consists of at least 10 hours of flight in single-engine airplanes, 5 multi-engine airplanes and 5 hours of BIFM – Basic Instrument Flight Module (flying according to indications in reduced visibility). Passing the exam with – a trifle – 13 theoretical subjects, entitles you to obtain a CPL (A) + ATPL (A) Frozen license. To apply for airlines that fly in multi-crews, you will also need an MCC course. 


The MCC training – Multi Crew Co-operation consisting of 25 hours of theory and 20 hours of practical classes is designed to teach you appropriate communication and coordination of activities during a normal flight and in emergency situations. After the training, you will receive a certificate which is necessary if you want to apply for the airline pilot license. 


CPL (A) + ATPL (A) Frozen qualifications and completed MCC training give you the opportunity to apply to airlines, where after the TR – Type Rating training, dedicated to a specific type of aircraft, you will become a First Officer. An internship with an airline leads to “unfreezing” ATPL(A) Frozen (you have 7 years to do so after passing the exams) and means that you can become a captain in air transport. All training – from scratch to a professional license  – depending on your commitment and time spent, will take you 12-18 months. The record holder, who devoted himself 100% to flying, became a professional pilot after just 10 months. 


  • over 16 years old
  • at least 2 classes of junior high school or equivalent school completed
  • has a positive aero-medical certificate of the 2nd class for tourist license and 1st class for commercial license

More information about different trainings you can found on “TRAININGS FOR YOU”.



I. PPL(A) THEORY – Private Pilot License 


II. PPL(A) PRACTICAL – Private Pilot License 

Grafika PPL(A) PRAC

III. NVFR – Night Flight Rating


IV. ATPL Theory – Airline Transport Pilot License


V. IR/SE – Single Engine Instrument Rating


VI. MEP(L) – Multi-Engine Rating


VII. ME/IR Upgrade – Multi-Engine Instrument Rating


VIII. CPL – Commercial Pilot